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October 2018 | Published by RCPA

Issue #085

Welcome to the October issue of ePathway

ePathway is an an e-magazine designed for anyone who is interested in their health and wellbeing and the integral role pathology plays in the diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases.

This month, we discuss

  • Diagnosing and treating osteoporosis
  • Troponin, an important biomarker in the diagnosis of heart attacks
  • The risks of lead exposure and toxicity
  • An insight into life away from the major cities

Osteoporosis is a disease which makes bones become brittle, leading to a higher risk of breaks than in normal bone. We speak to Dr Ailie Connell, who explains more about this common disease, which occurs when bones lose minerals such as calcium more quickly than the body replaces them. Those most at risk are postmenopausal women; however, the risk of osteoporosis also increases with age.

We explore troponin, an important biomarker in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction, or heart attack. We discuss the fourth universal definition of myocardial infarction, which was published in August 2018.

We chat with RCPA past president, Associate Professor Peter Stewart, to discuss the risks of lead poisoning and exposure. Whilst lead poisoning is not common today, lead exposure remains of key concern to public health officials worldwide. We discuss the circumstances in which you would see lead poisoning, including when you would test blood lead levels.

Finally, we speak to Dr Penny Yarrow and Dr Archana Pandita to discuss the advantages of living and working away from the major cities. Shorter commute times, better work-life balance and an increased variety of interesting and complex cases are all reasons why these two pathologists enjoy living and working in Hobart or Hamilton.

Remember to follow us on Facebook (@TheRoyalCollegeofPathologistsofAustralasia), Twitter (@PathologyRCPA) or on Instagram (@the_rcpa). CEO, Dr Debra Graves can be followed on Twitter too (@DebraJGraves).

Diagnosing and treating Osteoporosis

Diagnosing and treating Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease which makes bones brittle, leading to a higher risk of breaks than in normal bone. It occurs when bones lose minerals, such as calcium, more quickly than the body can replace them, causing a loss of bone thickness (bone density). Osteoporosis is a common disease in Australia with 1.2 million people estimated to be affected . In New Zealand, it is estimated that at least 1 in 3 women and at least 1 in 5 men will suffer from an osteoporotic fracture during their lifetime.

 

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Troponin, an important biomarker in the diagnosis of heart attacks

Troponin, an important biomarker in the diagnosis of heart attacks
We spoke to Dr Jacobus Ungerer, chemical pathologist at Pathology Queensland, to discuss troponin testing in relation to myocardial infarction.

 

 

 

 

 

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The risks of lead poisoning and lead exposure

The risks of lead poisoning and lead exposure
International Lead Poisoning Prevention Week takes place from 21 to 27 October 2018. Although there is wide recognition of lead poisoning, and many countries have taken action against it, exposure to lead, particularly in childhood, remains of key concern to healthcare providers and public health officials worldwide.

 

 

 

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An insight into life away from the big cities

An insight into life away from the big cities

Doctor Penny Yarrow is an anatomical pathologist at Hobart Pathology, a private lab in Hobart, Tasmania. Doctor Archana Pandita is an anatomical pathologist at Waikato District Health Board in Hamilton, New Zealand. We spoke to Dr Yarrow and Dr Pandita to get a sense of what it’s like to work somewhere like Tasmania or Hamilton.

 

 

 

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